This book provides a concept about SEZs. In this globalization world, most developing countries are witnessing a shift away from an import substitution based development strategy to one based on export promotion policy. As part of their policy instruments to promote exports, many of these countries are vigorously promoting export processing zones (EPZs) or SEZs. A special economic zone is a geographical region that has economic laws which are more liberal than the usual economic laws in the country. The basic motto behind this is to increase foreign investment, development of infrastructure, job opportunities and increase the income level of the people. SEZ s are good from the point of view of growth and development. It increase income level of citizens, encourages competition and lowers labor costs. Some perceive that these Special Economic Zones are engine of economic growth. India was one of the first in Asia to recognize the effectiveness of the Export Processing Zone (EPZ) model in promoting exports, with Asia's first EPZ set up in Kandla in 1965. With a view to overcome the shortcomings experienced on account of the multiplicity of controls and clearances, with a view to attr
This research book is an output to find development condition, potentiality and obstacles of Dacope thana, khulna (an administrative unit of Bangladesh). The study based on people opinions and theoretical knowledge. Due to poor natural resource endowment and socio-economical status people of the developing countries like Bangladesh can not enrollment to develop their economy. This book will help to the policy makers who want to implement development strategies based upon assessing local opportunities and barriers. The research also carried out an in-depth analysis of different micro development obstacles of the thana like- regular occurrence of tropical cyclone, high riverbank erosion, high population growth rate, less literacy rate, poor per capita income, poor infrastructure including road network and communication etc. Besides the different social and environmental obstacles, it is encouraging that, the thana has many potential sectors such as locational situation of the Sundarbans, Mongla EPZ ans Sea port, practicing Shrimp Cultivation, Multi cropping culture, High young population group etc. All of these added new dimension to accelerate the development progress of the thana.
Bangladesh establishing EPZs expect them to stimulate economic development through accelerating industrial growth and by providing employment. EPZs play an important role in economic growth of a country. This study leads to certain discussion about EPZs of Bangladesh. It discusses about general information and investment climate of Mongla EPZ. This paper highlights the export growth of Mongla EPZ and analyses interdependencies among various economic determinants. Finally shows challenges of export growth of Mongla EPZ in Bangladesh.
This study: (1) characterises technological change in both advanced & developing worlds and assesses the technology climate of a case country (ie, Bangladesh) & her catching up efforts towards technological mastery, (2) spots aggravating conceptual confusions among some purpose-built short-cut schemes to advanced technology transfers, eg, EPZs, Industrial Parks, Technology Parks, etc., (3) makes specific queries about the nature & operational features of these schemes and proposes an unambiguous conceptual framework of a standard model, namely, 'special technology infrastructure' (STI) classifying the schemes in terms of their business, research & technological orientations, (4) conducts performance appraisals of the technological 'catching up' efforts in Bangladesh-EPZs using secondary data & in Dhaka-EPZ using a mix of primary & secondary information. (5) draws particular attention to the significance of the concept of 'dated labor' (workers with the latest know-whys) from 'vintage growth model', and pinpoints the importance of ensuring the presence of a technologically capable workforce prior to utilizing the zone concepts for technological learning & mastery.
This study delves on the performance of firms operating within Export Processing Zones (EPZ) in an Emerging Economy. The assessment focuses on both the direct and indirect relationships between strategic planning systems and performance. Firm performance was measured using the balanced score card. It was established that strategic planning systems significantly affect none-financial performance measures of market perspectives and internal business processes. Conversely, the financial measures of return on investment and sales growth rate were not significantly influenced by planning systems. This study established that organizational learning mediates while strategy implementation moderates the relationship between strategic planning systems and performance. A major discovery from the research is the recognition of the strategic role associated with both organizational learning and strategy implementation. This study concluded that strategic planning is context specific and is both a deliberate and an emergent process. Therefore, policy makers and managers need to place emphasis on all the aspects of strategic planning to reap maximum benefit from the seemingly elusive process.